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What Information Must Appear On A Cosmetic Product

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The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has specific requirements for what must appear on a product label.

This guide will help you understand what that information is and how it should be formatted on your packaging.

We'll cover everything from content to net weight, so you can be sure your cosmetic products comply with FDA regulations.

The FDA Requirements For Cosmetic Product Labeling

For a cosmetic product to be legally sold in the United States, it must meet certain labeling requirements imposed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These requirements are designed to ensure that consumers have the information they need to use cosmetics that include makeup, skincare, and related products safely and effectively.

cosmetic products

Here are some of the most important labelling standards that cosmetic manufacturers must meet:

Labels must identify the product as a ‘cosmetic’

This may seem like a no-brainer, but it's an important distinction. Products that are not cosmetics, such as soap and shampoo, are subject to different labelling imposed by the FDA.

On the other hand, if a product is not labeled as a cosmetic, it may not meet the FDA's standards. For example, some products marketed as ‘soap’ may not meet the FDA's definition of soap and may not be subject to the same labeling requirements, however  if you sell blush, the label must say ‘blush’ or ‘rouge.’

Of course, just because a product is labeled as a cosmetic does not guarantee that it is safe. It just means that the product meets the FDA's minimum standards.

The label must list the product's ingredients

One of the most important things that must appear on a cosmetic product's label is a list of ingredients. This list must be in descending order of predominance and include all content within the container that is present at one percent or more.

Content at less than one percent may be listed in any order following those present at one percent or more.

Color additives and other content exempt from public disclosure may be listed on the container as ‘and other ingredients.’

If a cosmetic product is also a drug, the label must first list the drug as ‘active ingredient(s)’ before listing the remaining content.

Suppose you have an accessory such as a makeup brush, for example.  In that case, the label  must state the identity of the fibers used in the construction of the makeup brush bristles.

The label must state the net quantity of contents

All cosmetic products must have a label that states the net quantity of contents. This must be in English and labeled on the packaging with such prominence and conspicuousness that it is readily noticed and understood by consumers under customary conditions of purchase.

The net quantity must also include the weight, measure, or number of contents. For example, a cosmetic product may be labeled as ‘net wt. 12 oz’ or ‘contains 12 fl oz.’

These are just some of the most important inclusions  that all cosmetic manufacturers must meet. Failure to comply can result in serious consequences, such as a recall or even a ban on the sale of their products.

What Else Needs To Be Included?

Many things must be included on the labels of a beauty product according to the FDA as we have discussed, but a manufacturer must also include:

  • The name and address of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor
  • If applicable, the use by date or expiration date

This is not a complete list, but it does give you an idea of what must be included on all cosmetic product labels.

Keep this in mind the next time you are shopping for cosmetics to ensure you are getting what you expect. And, as always, if you have any questions about a particular product, contact the manufacturer directly.

What if You Don't Include this Information?

The FDA may take enforcement action against you. This could be a warning letter or even a recall of your products, so it's important that you comply. 

It can be a lot to keep track of, but it's important to ensure that your products are properly labeled to ensure that consumers know exactly what they're buying.

If you have any questions, contact the FDA or a lawyer specializing in this area. And, as always, stay up-to-date on all the latest news and information. 

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Conclusion

It’s important that your container packaging  includes a label divulging the contents of each beauty product. If you’re unsure, research before including it in your product.

By following this guide and ensuring your products comply with FDA labelling laws, you can help protect yourself and your customers from potential harm.

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